It is a French two-engine, delta wing, multi role fighter aircraft designed and engineered by Dassault Aviation .It has a good vary of weapons. The Rafael is created to figure in air ascendency, aerial reconnaissance mission, interdiction in-depth strike, ground support, anti-ship strike. it's additionally capable in missions. The Rafale is additionally cited as associate degree "omnirole". The Rafale is distinct from different European fighters of its era since it's virtually entirely engineered by one country.
The craft is accessible in 3 main variants: Rafale C single-seat land-based version, Rafale B twin-seat land-based version, and Rafale M single-seat carrier-based version.
Some of the specification of rafale square measure -
Wing span ten.90 m
Length 15.30 m
Max. thrust a pair of x seven.5 t
Limit load factors -3.2 g / +9 g
Max. speed M = one.8 / 750 knots
Approach speed but one hundred twenty knots
Landing ground run 450 m (1,500 ft) while not drag-chute
Service ceiling fifty,000 ft
Overall empty weight ten t
Max. take-off weight twenty four.5 t
Fuel(internal) four.7 t
Fuel(external) up to six.7 t
External load nine.5 t
The “Omnirole” Rafale combines all ability, Flexibility, Survivability, skillfulness advantages: it's relevant against both traditional and asymmetrical threats, it addresses the rising wants of the military during a dynamic politics context, and it remains at the forefront of technical innovation.
Rafael fighter weapons
Rafael will carry over 9t on fourteen hard points for the air force version, with thirteen for the armed service version. The vary of weapons includes: transparent substance, Magic, Sidewinder, ASRAAM and AMRAAM air-to-air missiles; Apache, AS30L, ALARM, HARM, Maverick and PGM100 air-to-surface missiles and sphenisciform seabird three and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
The Rafale is battery-powered by 2 M88-2 engines from SNECMA, every providing a thrust of 75kN. The craft is supplied for close supply with a flight supply hose reel and drogue pack. the primary M88 engine was delivered in 1996. it's a twin-shaft bypass turbofan mainly appropriate for low-altitude penetration and high-altitude interception missions.
The M88 incorporates the newest technologies like single-piece bladed mechanical device disks , associate degree on-polluting combustion chamber, single-crystal hard-hitting rotary engine blades, metallurgy disks, ceramic coatings and composite materials.
The M88 engine contains a three-stage disk mechanical device with recess guide vane, associate degree annulate combustion chamber, single-stage cooled HP rotary engine, single-stage cooled disk rotary engine, radial A/B chamber, variable-section confluent flap-type nozzle and full authority digital engine management (FADEC).
Messier-Dowty provides ‘jumper’ undercarriage, designed to spring out once the craft is catapulted by the nose gear strut.