Monday, 2 July 2018

Role of Teacher in 21st century


 “One looks back with appreciation to the brilliant teachers, but with gratitude to those who touched our human feeling. The curriculum is so much necessary raw material, but warmth is the vital element for the growing plant and for the soul of the child.”
We have entered 21st century so our education system should be updated according to the need of the society. The present age is of information explosion and the knowledge is increasing very fast. Education is the most important lever for social, economic and political transformation. Education is the fourth necessity for man after food, clothing and shelter. The education is the process of instruction aiming over all development of individuals, providing the necessary tools and knowledge to understand and participate in day to day activities of today's world. So, the teacher plays a crucial role in the development of a nation.
The role of a teacher is to shape the minds of the younger generation. The shaping will be on positive lines, development of a scientific and humanistic attitude and temper, self discipline. For this development teachers have played a key role in 21st century. A teacher has to generate that energy is one self and handle its work of educating the boys and girls. Teachers not only instruct but also inspire students. He or she has to influence the life and characteristics of students and gives a push to enter the stream of national life as worthy citizens.
The role of a teacher is to facilitate the communication process between students and to act an independent participant within the learning teaching group. Further they create learning conditions and give students the chance to speak out their mind and heart, interact and make trials and errors. Teachers act as illuminators of the constant change taking place in the environment. In this fast changing interconnected world the learning path has changed so much as we need to prepare students to success in life. Past five decades, the role of a teacher was that of a gatekeeper of information. The teacher had access to the information that the student needed. Classroom was the focal point of giving the information. There was no internet access, 24 hours cable news or cell phones to access the information instantly. However, today it is not lack of information that exists for students. In fact today the children are exposed to more information by the age of five than their grandparents were by the age of twenty. Students gathered the information from online website, TV, magazines, movie, videogames and other technologies. Therefore the focus of education today should be on the personalization and application of relevant knowledge rather than simply filling them with random facts.
The teacher is the single most important factor in student success. It would make sense to focus on the role of today’s culture.
An effective teacher has act like a “thermostat” that controls the temperature of the room. The teacher is the one who creates the environment where learning occurs and regulates the learning behavior.
The changing role of the teacher today requires a different perspective with the parents. It is no longer teaching and working in isolation but cultivating a relationship with the parents. The effective teacher today understands that the families in 21st century have transformed in a great manner as dynamics and in under immense pressure due to the demand of today’s culture.
The role of parenting is not any easier as generation gap exists between parents and their technological savvy child. The generation gap exists because parents grew up with limited technology, while their children grew up with the technology. So, in this context, the role of teacher has increased to another level.
In the 21st century there is a new perspective of teaching and learning. It is now necessary to open a new window for thinking. Thus, to visualize the aim of 21st century teaching as a development of knowledge higher order skill (such as the 4c creativity, critical thinking, communication, collaboration and character) as well as the establishment of lifelong learning habits and an ability to learn how to learn with technology as the central role in the new picture of teacher effectiveness.
The effective teachers are the one who sometimes sees themselves in their student. Therefore a teacher plays many roles such as: 
        A teacher is a helping teacher. It is a teacher who through the classroom imbibes the feeling of a 'share and tell, ‘Give and take’, ‘Think and do’ in students which is later on generated in the society.
        A teacher is always flexible in his approach. She/he encourages new trends in the field of education. She/he is ready to make experiments to make the teaching learning process effective by keeping in the new trends and new waves in the society.
        A teacher is a good counselor. Teacher's field is not limited up to covering the academic side but he also performs the role of a counselor for the students. She/he is considered to be a specialist and highly knowledgeable person. People look up to him as a person who can really give a good piece of advice.
        The teacher is the one who carries the higher values, virtues with him/her so as to become a role model for the student.

Conclusion: Effective teaching has to be fluid and adaptive to current culture. The effective teacher understands that there are core skills and knowledge need to be learned, but must be presented in a manner that students find relevancy. This requires an art and science of teaching that makes the teachers of 21st century effective.  
The science of teaching requires content knowledge, organization, management skills and detailed planning. The art of teaching is not about possessing an outgoing personality, but making connections with the students, parents, as well as connecting the curriculum to the real world in a relevant manner. Thus the 21st century teacher creates and maintains intentional relationship with her students, parents and colleagues for the sake of tomorrow’s success. A teacher is an architect of our future. They are the one who show us the right path as someone has rightly said “Teacher is just like a lamp, who burns itself to light others”.  

           Mr. Niyaz Varis Varsi (Asst. Prof. JIE, JEMTEC)


Importance of Life Skill Education


In technological and data driven world, much of the center of attention is education which enable students to prepare them for future career.  They may face many problems in personal and professional front. Life Skills Education equipped individuals well are to make good decisions and solve problems in their academic and professional careers as well as their personal lives. It should also play a critical role in all round and comprehensive education.
“In a constantly changing environment, having life skills is an essential part of being able to meet the challenges of everyday life. The dramatic changes in global economies over the past five years have been matched with the transformation in technology and these are all impacting on education, the workplace, and our home life.”
                                                                                                                                       Macmillan Education                                                                     
What Is Life Skills-Based Education?
Think of life skills as the building blocks or framework that allow students to apply the knowledge they acquire in schools and institutions to real life problems and situations. These skills are also referred to as “soft skills” in a professional context, the ability to think abstractly and approach problems from several angles to find practical solutions, and the skill to communicate clearly and effectively are just as important as technical knowledge in a particular field or scholastic subjects.
Life skills provide learners with important tools for development, such as independent thinking, how to socialize and make new friends, and how to take action in situations where their parents or teachers may not be around to help or intervene like teasing, bullying, ragging etc. Unlike motor skills and basic intelligence, executive function and decision-making skills are not innate but learned.
Examples of life skills include:
Importance of Teaching Life Skills at a Young Age
Building life skills is essentially an exercise in helping children develop sound judgment and good habits for long-term stability, wellness, and success.
How to endorse Life Skills for Young Students
Parents and teachers can take an active role in teaching life-skills at home and schools with projects that provide real world examples and lessons in decision making and problem solving. They can be as simple as assigning household chores and budgeting exercises through an allowance, to caring for a pet or volunteering in the community.
Fun and simple-to-organize activities, like game nights with family and friends with an educational focus that also encourage working in teams, can help to build social and interpersonal skills.
Everyday Survival Skills
Children are not suppose to learn to perform their basic task in their day to day life like brushing their own teeth and learning how to tie their shoes and get dressed, but also young children should know what to do in common situations as well as emergencies, such as:
  • How to get to and from home and school?
  • Who to call in an emergency (memorize phone numbers)?
  • How to safely cross the street?
  • What to do if they are bullied or witness bullying
  • How to safely use kitchen appliances and prepare basic meals
The acquisition of problem-solving and reasoning abilities is a fluid and ongoing process, and working with children early in their development to lay the framework with examples that they can understand and apply on their own is a good place to start.
Dr. Rajnee Gaur
B.Ed


Monday, 11 June 2018

Significance of Positive relatationship between student and teacher



 “Teaching is not about information.It’s about having an honest intellectual relationship with your students”Paul Lockhart
Teaching learning process involves a teacher and a student. It is very important for both of them to have a healthy relationship in order to carry out the teaching learning process smoothly. Teachers are known to be the second parents. Parents provide us moral education and teachers provide us rest of the knowledge necessary for living and knowing the world. The gurus of ancient era are now addressed by ‘sir’ or the last name. The child’s relationship with the teacher determines the grade and academics of the student. Teachers control the destiny of the students for more that two decades. Ultimately, the product comes out. The way the teacher  has shaped the mind and creativity of the student then shows. Establishing a positive teacher student relationship helps to yield a beautiful environment in the classroom. A teacher is also a guide, a friend, a counsellor and also like a gardener who waters the tiny flowers called children.
If the teacher student relationship is to be maximally productive, must reflect certain attitudes and commitments of each to the other. First, the student must respect his or her teacher and hold him in the highest esteem. Even though this instruction may be uncomfortable and disconcerting at times, but a teacher always wants his student to do good.50 the student must believe that the teacher always has his or her best interests in mind. All the time, the teacher looks forward to improve his student and polish the creativity in the student.  The student must commit himself or she to following the instruction with utmost discipline, just as a doctor’s orders must be followed precisely, since failure to do so could cause harm, so a teacher’s advices must be obeyed with equal sincerity.  A teacher is the student’s path finder. When we need to move on or are stuck with something, teacher helps us find the way  Teacher  is like a potter who craves mud into a fixed shape, and turns it into a pot. Teachers always stand by the students, to guide and support them.

In the teenage years school becomes one of the most interesting places for the youth because you can make great friends there and you can learn how to deal with your own problems by your self. That is why the teacher should be student’s best friend. Professor’s acts should be an example for each student. In the school the student builds a pared of his character. Sometimes the teacher should talk about common problems and break the atmosphere of roiling, rolls and discipline, cause the life of a young man isn’t just school lessons. This is the most difficult period of young man’s life.( Biljana Kotevska). The teacher should befriend the students and be a perfect guide to the students.  When a child is born, he learns to speak, gradually he starts to walk and learning and understanding life. In the course of time, the same child reaches maturity. If he is in the hands of an experienced and an ideal teacher, the child turns out to be a successful person. We can take an example of the street children and the children who go to schools.no significant learning canoccurwithout a significantrelation ship”James comer
The pattern and culture of teaching and learning process has been changing. In ancient times, teachers used to be teaching in their ashrams and the students would have to make the teachers by working hard at the ashram. The students used to collect firewoods, fodder for the cattles, clean the house and cook food for the gurus. Gradually this system changed and now formal education has been in trend. Students pay fees instead of working at guru’s ashram and study in the classrooms. Also, with the change in this pattern of teaching, students have failed to respect teachers like the students years ago used to. The role of a teacher was different before, but now, since the world has changed a lot, and there is a lot other means for people to receive information like media, internet etc. Students today are more informed then before, and so the teachers are more of a facilitator there. There is no such charm in the relationship of the teacher and student like before. Teachers teach and students learn, there is no intimacy between the teachers and students. When this becomes worst, and there is a huge communication gap between the teacher and the student, then there occurs problem in the relationship between them. The actual teacher-student relationship however changes during the career. On average there is a significant increase in dominant behaviour of teachers during the first decade of their career: a movement towards the ideal teacher-student relationship. After this period dominance stabilises. On average there is no change in co-operative behaviour. There is no shift towards the ideal as experience grows.( Mieke Brekelmans).
These days, we can hear news about the teachers harassing the students too. The teacher – student relationship is pure like water. These kinds of incidents make the relation weaker. There are lots of cases where we find female students being harassed by the male teachers. Especially in the third world countries, female students are more prone to the harassments. Lord Brahma in Hinduism is known as a teacher. A teacher is compared to a very sacred and pure figure/ god in Hinduism.
A teacher if imposes rules and discipline to the students, the student fails to develop his creativity. He learns that in life you don’t do anything unless you’re bullied and conned into doing it. He learns to get bored even with a small piece of work . ( John Holt) . At times we hear news about students committing suicide because of the marks and grades issues. When a student takes the exam well but doesn’t get the expected marks due to the personal problem teacher has with the student, some of the teachers intentionally don’t want the students to get the marks with flying colours. Due to the punishments given by teachers to the students, the students may be badly affected. The young mind and psychology of the children might get disturbed. We come across numerous news about these issues nowadays. There are many laws against this but only few are being implemented.
Conclusion 
The teacher-student relationship is a must for  quality education. This means that the teacher does not necessarily have to feel favourably of the student and neither does the student have to think same for the teacher, but a common language is required.. And both sides should feel comfortably about trust and intimacy in the teacher student relationship. Both sides should be aware of the others’ feelings and there should be respect for each others in the heart. Teachers are the second parents, so students must put the teachers’ instructions in practice as they would always want their students to do well and be successful in life. And teachers have certain responsibility towards the students, as they are the path leaders; they are to lead the students towards the right way in a right manner. For this, there must be a charm and positive relationship between the teacher and the student.
Dr Richa Srivastava
Assistant Professor
Law Department



Entrepreneurial Education for Young Children & Adults


A successful business runs on a great idea and creativity is the key reason. Some seem so simple while others are so revolutionary, we wonder how anybody could have thought of them at all. Ideas for start-ups often begin with a problem that needs to solve and they don’t usually come when you sit idle. They tend to reveal themselves while you are hard at work on something else.
Owning a business teaches kids and young adults risk taking, financial competency, communication skills and practical skills of life. Self-confidence, autonomy, strong work ethic, ambition, empathy are traits of a successful entrepreneur.

Ways to Become a Successful Entrepreneur
1. Think about what interests you and offer a service that fills a need.
2. Teach your child how to communicate with clients politely and respond to emails and phone calls.
3. Start with one simple plan and execute it. It is better to start small and build slowly than back out of a large project.
4. Talk about your child’s ambitions with his/her teachers, friends and business colleagues. Support comes in many forms such as financial backing or exceptional advice.
5. Every successful entrepreneur experiences a few fail ideas. Each experience offers valuable educational opportunities.
6. Better technology, machinery, tools, education, and training enable each worker become more productive.

Attend Entrepreneurship Workshops to Develop Skills
Students should have to avail workshop programs that develop leaders. Use these to develop the knowledge, competencies and skills. Leaders use this experience to influence individual and groups to achieve a common goal.
Mindsets program recognizes skills and offers positive entrepreneurial opportunities to individual. It also highlights how education provides cognitive ability to individual. The higher levels of education links with better entrepreneurial performance, as well as higher rates of enterprise formation through interactive lectures. They can also increase thinking skills and innovation.

Marketing Your Business Locally
Word-of-mouth advertising is a great way to start your business. Make business cards and ask customers to spread the word about your business.

Social Media can Globalize Your Business
Current marketing relies on social media platforms to globalise your business. FacebookTwitterInstagram can easily get you more customers if you present your products and business effectively. You can get more followers and likesf or these.

Conclusion
Entrepreneur’s willingness to try to turn the idea into reality makes a business successful. Entrepreneurship by nature has inherent risk. Risk taking comes into picture at the start of a business and not when business is well settled. It is necessary to take calculated risks to become a true entrepreneur. Young children can achieve more if you encourage them as free thinkers. Expose them to successful people to discover their potential for a more fulfilling career and life.



Shilpa Sharma
ECE, A.P.

The Big Billion Deal: Walmart Acquires Indian Online Shopping site Flipkart


Walmart's choice to empty billions of dollars into Indian web based business has hurled a major unnerve among some energetic Indians stressed over the fate of Indian startup biological system. A few, as of now shaking with fears that google and facebook could transform India into an advanced province of the US, have now been solidified into trusting that whole computerized trade play will in the end be controlled by outsiders, shattering Indian entrepreneurial dream. Remote speculations are no unadulterated shelter to an economy. Which is the reason they are censured as much as they are praised. Outside capital mixes scale into organizations, produces occupations for specialists, initiates desire among business people, and builds income for state. It additionally tilts the scale against players with less assets, and fundamentally modifies the geology of the business it enters. It's alright to be desirous of the ascent of google, facebook or such super tech firms and the dollars they produce from India, and look for an offer in it, yet absurd to call their activity computerized dacoity, and pronounce them national foes. More tightly yet creative controls can manage them yet feeding crude protectionist feelings, which a few people are occupied with, could cause India more damage than great. Motivation behind Business :Before we get into the Indian versus outsider level headed discussion, let me make an essential inquiry: What's the main role of business in a general public? A few answers could enter your thoughts. Be that as it may, just to keep the contention straightforward, we should adhere to the one given by Subside Drucker, a standout amongst the most powerful voices on business administration. He said it was to make and keep a client. So should the idea of possession or the national banner on its central station matter as long as the business is genuinely serving its clients? Should a business keep on existing in the event that it has deserted its center reason for serving its clients? Does expanded access to capital upgrade a business' odds of filling its existential need? Does capital starvation decimate its odds of making or keeping client? The responses to every one of these inquiries will lead us to reason that a business can accomplish its essential point not without satisfactory access to capital. Furthermore, the shade of cash doesn't exactly make a difference as long as the business is laser centered around serving its clients. Then again, if the business is flopping in its primary reason, it could do as such regardless of the wellspring of its subsidizing. For example, nowadays it's difficult to state which telecom specialist co-op is more awful in India: Airtel (controlled by Indian) or Vodafone (by outsider). By limiting capital access for the sake of patriotism, a nation can just wind up gagging its business, its development and the startup biological system. Indian versus Outsider :A few editorialists have been pushing for Indian proprietorship and control of online business organizations in the nation, notwithstanding looking for government insurance. They contend a startup headquartered in India and controlled by Indians can create more gifted work, and fortify the Indian advancement drove startup biological community. One journalist fears that outside financial specialists may not enable Indian originators to maintain the business for eternity. Originator's Privilege :To answer the last point first: Is it basic for an originator to remain on for the business to thrive; Shouldn't an author get off the prepare once the investors think his capacity to include esteem has decreased? Because somebody has established the firm, would it be a good idea for him to get the permit for life to run or destroy that business? Shouldn't something be said about the privileges of the individuals who put in their hazard capital later, or so far as that is concerned, moneylenders or even representatives? A general public's dedication must be to the sustenance of business and its capacity to produce an incentive for clients, not towards securing a lasting spot for organizers in their firm. Authors too understand that without outer capital help their business couldn't have been the place they are today. Startup Biological system :The point about India-headquartered new businesses producing more neighborhood work could be mostly right. A startup will attempt and draw workforce from its nearby condition at first yet when it scales up, the globe could be its enlisting ground. Will remote capital harm the Indian startup biological system as is being guaranteed by a few? A startup biological system flourishes with the way of life of advancement, and principally incorporates development empowering colleges, coaching associations, hatcheries, specialist co-ops and capital suppliers. Expanded stream of remote capital isn't only useful for the particular ventures that get it and the organizers who turn tycoon accordingly, yet in addition for the whole biological system. Scaling of a business grows open doors for its business accomplices, helps assemble new abilities and capacities and lifts wage for accomplices and workers. A portion of the individuals who have increased millions in the process wind up imparting some of it to different new businesses, giving them the genuinely necessary hazard capital. These huge valuation stories travel to colleges and startup center points and energize more hazard taking and development.
Capital Dumping :Some are freely utilizing the term 'capital dumping' by outside retailers or assets, affirming it was harming nearby new businesses. Considerably more confirmation and far watchful examination are required before such charges can be considered important. Second, how would you assemble another industry or reshape an old industry — by doing things precisely the way it has been done previously; by playing by the standards of the business fat cats and submitting to the section hindrances made by existing players; or by utilizing the power of development, tech and money to redraw the limits and change the amusement? Some have been extremely captivated by the possibility of Indian capital sparing Indian new companies yet neglect to clarify why neighborhood and outside capital can't exist together in the residential startup world that is ever eager for reserves. Contending that an Indian thought, driven by an Indian business person, financed by Indian business houses will alone be useful for Indian startup biological community is simply muddying the national open deliberation with no unmistakable goal.
            
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 Manash Dey, Asst Prof. (ME )

Importance of Quiz in Education


Quiz is a unique method of developing creativity among students. It entails putting questions to a group regarding various issues or on a particular theme. Promptness in answering a question or finding out a solution is based on rational and sometimes original thinking. The person responsible for asking questions to the participants in a quiz should be mature and experienced person. He should be embodiment of knowledge.
Advantages of Quiz:
1.      Mental horizon: Quiz competition broadens the mental horizon of the students. The students learn more and more about the country and the world as a whole. They keep themselves abreast with current affairs of the country and of the world as a whole.
2.      Reading habits: Quiz competition develops reading habits among students. They read newspapers good magazines, other reading material and make use of library. They get training in self-learning.
3.      Clear thinking Quiz helps in developing clear thinking among the students.
4.      Self-confidence and boldness: It helps in developing boldness, self-confidence and self-reliance among the students. It makes them independent, vocal and self-directed with minimum of fears in them.
5.      Planning and organisation: It gives the students training in planning, organising and collecting data.
6.      Instinctive value: Various instincts like instinct of curiosity, instinct of self-assertion and instinct of gregariousness find healthy outlet of expression and are sublimated through quiz competition.
7.      Emotional value: Quiz plays a significant role in the training of emotions. It has a cathartic effect on the emotions of students as they purge out the pent up emotional energy.
Role of the Teacher in Organising Quiz:
1.      Proper planning: The quiz must be properly planned. The teacher should make judicious selection of Interesting and useful questions and notify the date, time and place of the quiz. The field or the area of the quiz must be announced well in advance. Definite objectives of the quiz should be fixed up and efforts should be made in the right direction for the achievement of these objectives. The active participants of the quiz should be specified.

2.      Preparations and guidance: The teacher should encourage maximum number of students to take part in the quiz. The true spirit of quiz should be developed among the students. They should come well prepared for the quiz. The quiz is a joint responsibility of all the students. The teacher should give proper guidance for the quiz. 

Mr. Sanjay Bhardwaj
Assistant Professor
Jagannath Institute of Education
JIMS ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT TECHNICAL CAMPUS
48/4,Knowledge park-III,Greater Noida, Pin-201306
Ph. No:-09717466429
www.jimsgn.org     


Wednesday, 16 May 2018

Out of The Box Teaching-Learning in Today’s Educational scenario


“Creativity is seeing what everyone else has seen, and thinking what no one else has thought.” - Albert Einstein
The concept of Out The Box Learning was started due to the growing need for an adaptive approach in educating children. In today’s knowledge economy where intellectual property is valued more than physical resources, we need to prepare a different kind of employee. The kind who is a creative problem solver and develops their own novel ideas to drive the next generation of technological innovations. Higher level skills and abstract thinking is important to teach kids to think outside the box.
Many children fall through the gaps in a typical curriculum, due to their differences in behaviour, cognition or various other challenges they are facing. As a society we tend to focus on the negative, of what our children can’t do and are not achieving. What we should be looking at; is what they excel in and reinforcing their unique talents, while helping them grasp the concepts that are difficult for them.
Our aim is to develop each child to be able to function independently and socially with confidence. We want our children to have happy, constructive days at our Centre in an environment that is relaxed, positive and supportive. We endeavour to enhance the strengths and abilities of our children and improve on the challenges they experience on a daily basis. We hope to put some fun back into their days and to help them reach their full potential.
Since our children are unique therefore for “Out The Box” thinking and learning we have foster an environment where out of the box thinking is given time, is valued and rewarded.
 Strategies to help students develop creativity
  1. Ask open-ended questions
Asking open-ended questions help students to think outside the box. Many times during the school day, students are responding to closed questions. The thinking involved is quite minimal and there is only one possible correct answer.
2.      Establish discussion routines
Teachers that regularly have student-centred classroom discussions give students ample opportunities to think outside the box. .
3.      Model creativity accounts for out of box thinking
As  educators, we have the responsibility to model our own creativity to children. Taking part in open-ended discussions, creative construction with  roleplaying will be beneficial for creative thinking. 
  1. Use visible thinking routines
Students should be exposed to novel ways in which their classmates are thinking but are also challenged to document their own thinking in using easy-to-learn strategies. Visible thinking is scaffolded using various routines designed to encourage a culture of thinking in classrooms and school. 
  1. Praise out of the box thinking
Acknowledging students when they display creativity is a crucial part in developing a culture where creativity is valued and fostered.
  1. Specify end goals not the process
Rather than over-scaffolding tasks, let students work out how to reach the end goal by thinking
Since our children are unique therefore for “Out The Box” thinking and learning we have foster an environment where out of the box thinking is given time, is valued and rewarded.

Himani

Assistant Professor
JIE ,JEMTEC ,JIMS ,Greater Noida