Monday, 11 June 2018

Significance of Positive relatationship between student and teacher

 “Teaching is not about information.It’s about having an honest intellectual relationship with your students”Paul Lockhart
Teaching learning process involves a teacher and a student. It is very important for both of them to have a healthy relationship in order to carry out the teaching learning process smoothly. Teachers are known to be the second parents. Parents provide us moral education and teachers provide us rest of the knowledge necessary for living and knowing the world. The gurus of ancient era are now addressed by ‘sir’ or the last name. The child’s relationship with the teacher determines the grade and academics of the student. Teachers control the destiny of the students for more that two decades. Ultimately, the product comes out. The way the teacher  has shaped the mind and creativity of the student then shows. Establishing a positive teacher student relationship helps to yield a beautiful environment in the classroom. A teacher is also a guide, a friend, a counsellor and also like a gardener who waters the tiny flowers called children.
If the teacher student relationship is to be maximally productive, must reflect certain attitudes and commitments of each to the other. First, the student must respect his or her teacher and hold him in the highest esteem. Even though this instruction may be uncomfortable and disconcerting at times, but a teacher always wants his student to do good.50 the student must believe that the teacher always has his or her best interests in mind. All the time, the teacher looks forward to improve his student and polish the creativity in the student.  The student must commit himself or she to following the instruction with utmost discipline, just as a doctor’s orders must be followed precisely, since failure to do so could cause harm, so a teacher’s advices must be obeyed with equal sincerity.  A teacher is the student’s path finder. When we need to move on or are stuck with something, teacher helps us find the way  Teacher  is like a potter who craves mud into a fixed shape, and turns it into a pot. Teachers always stand by the students, to guide and support them.

In the teenage years school becomes one of the most interesting places for the youth because you can make great friends there and you can learn how to deal with your own problems by your self. That is why the teacher should be student’s best friend. Professor’s acts should be an example for each student. In the school the student builds a pared of his character. Sometimes the teacher should talk about common problems and break the atmosphere of roiling, rolls and discipline, cause the life of a young man isn’t just school lessons. This is the most difficult period of young man’s life.( Biljana Kotevska). The teacher should befriend the students and be a perfect guide to the students.  When a child is born, he learns to speak, gradually he starts to walk and learning and understanding life. In the course of time, the same child reaches maturity. If he is in the hands of an experienced and an ideal teacher, the child turns out to be a successful person. We can take an example of the street children and the children who go to significant learning canoccurwithout a significantrelation ship”James comer
The pattern and culture of teaching and learning process has been changing. In ancient times, teachers used to be teaching in their ashrams and the students would have to make the teachers by working hard at the ashram. The students used to collect firewoods, fodder for the cattles, clean the house and cook food for the gurus. Gradually this system changed and now formal education has been in trend. Students pay fees instead of working at guru’s ashram and study in the classrooms. Also, with the change in this pattern of teaching, students have failed to respect teachers like the students years ago used to. The role of a teacher was different before, but now, since the world has changed a lot, and there is a lot other means for people to receive information like media, internet etc. Students today are more informed then before, and so the teachers are more of a facilitator there. There is no such charm in the relationship of the teacher and student like before. Teachers teach and students learn, there is no intimacy between the teachers and students. When this becomes worst, and there is a huge communication gap between the teacher and the student, then there occurs problem in the relationship between them. The actual teacher-student relationship however changes during the career. On average there is a significant increase in dominant behaviour of teachers during the first decade of their career: a movement towards the ideal teacher-student relationship. After this period dominance stabilises. On average there is no change in co-operative behaviour. There is no shift towards the ideal as experience grows.( Mieke Brekelmans).
These days, we can hear news about the teachers harassing the students too. The teacher – student relationship is pure like water. These kinds of incidents make the relation weaker. There are lots of cases where we find female students being harassed by the male teachers. Especially in the third world countries, female students are more prone to the harassments. Lord Brahma in Hinduism is known as a teacher. A teacher is compared to a very sacred and pure figure/ god in Hinduism.
A teacher if imposes rules and discipline to the students, the student fails to develop his creativity. He learns that in life you don’t do anything unless you’re bullied and conned into doing it. He learns to get bored even with a small piece of work . ( John Holt) . At times we hear news about students committing suicide because of the marks and grades issues. When a student takes the exam well but doesn’t get the expected marks due to the personal problem teacher has with the student, some of the teachers intentionally don’t want the students to get the marks with flying colours. Due to the punishments given by teachers to the students, the students may be badly affected. The young mind and psychology of the children might get disturbed. We come across numerous news about these issues nowadays. There are many laws against this but only few are being implemented.
The teacher-student relationship is a must for  quality education. This means that the teacher does not necessarily have to feel favourably of the student and neither does the student have to think same for the teacher, but a common language is required.. And both sides should feel comfortably about trust and intimacy in the teacher student relationship. Both sides should be aware of the others’ feelings and there should be respect for each others in the heart. Teachers are the second parents, so students must put the teachers’ instructions in practice as they would always want their students to do well and be successful in life. And teachers have certain responsibility towards the students, as they are the path leaders; they are to lead the students towards the right way in a right manner. For this, there must be a charm and positive relationship between the teacher and the student.
Dr Richa Srivastava
Assistant Professor
Law Department

Entrepreneurial Education for Young Children & Adults

A successful business runs on a great idea and creativity is the key reason. Some seem so simple while others are so revolutionary, we wonder how anybody could have thought of them at all. Ideas for start-ups often begin with a problem that needs to solve and they don’t usually come when you sit idle. They tend to reveal themselves while you are hard at work on something else.
Owning a business teaches kids and young adults risk taking, financial competency, communication skills and practical skills of life. Self-confidence, autonomy, strong work ethic, ambition, empathy are traits of a successful entrepreneur.

Ways to Become a Successful Entrepreneur
1. Think about what interests you and offer a service that fills a need.
2. Teach your child how to communicate with clients politely and respond to emails and phone calls.
3. Start with one simple plan and execute it. It is better to start small and build slowly than back out of a large project.
4. Talk about your child’s ambitions with his/her teachers, friends and business colleagues. Support comes in many forms such as financial backing or exceptional advice.
5. Every successful entrepreneur experiences a few fail ideas. Each experience offers valuable educational opportunities.
6. Better technology, machinery, tools, education, and training enable each worker become more productive.

Attend Entrepreneurship Workshops to Develop Skills
Students should have to avail workshop programs that develop leaders. Use these to develop the knowledge, competencies and skills. Leaders use this experience to influence individual and groups to achieve a common goal.
Mindsets program recognizes skills and offers positive entrepreneurial opportunities to individual. It also highlights how education provides cognitive ability to individual. The higher levels of education links with better entrepreneurial performance, as well as higher rates of enterprise formation through interactive lectures. They can also increase thinking skills and innovation.

Marketing Your Business Locally
Word-of-mouth advertising is a great way to start your business. Make business cards and ask customers to spread the word about your business.

Social Media can Globalize Your Business
Current marketing relies on social media platforms to globalise your business. FacebookTwitterInstagram can easily get you more customers if you present your products and business effectively. You can get more followers and likesf or these.

Entrepreneur’s willingness to try to turn the idea into reality makes a business successful. Entrepreneurship by nature has inherent risk. Risk taking comes into picture at the start of a business and not when business is well settled. It is necessary to take calculated risks to become a true entrepreneur. Young children can achieve more if you encourage them as free thinkers. Expose them to successful people to discover their potential for a more fulfilling career and life.

Shilpa Sharma

The Big Billion Deal: Walmart Acquires Indian Online Shopping site Flipkart

Walmart's choice to empty billions of dollars into Indian web based business has hurled a major unnerve among some energetic Indians stressed over the fate of Indian startup biological system. A few, as of now shaking with fears that google and facebook could transform India into an advanced province of the US, have now been solidified into trusting that whole computerized trade play will in the end be controlled by outsiders, shattering Indian entrepreneurial dream. Remote speculations are no unadulterated shelter to an economy. Which is the reason they are censured as much as they are praised. Outside capital mixes scale into organizations, produces occupations for specialists, initiates desire among business people, and builds income for state. It additionally tilts the scale against players with less assets, and fundamentally modifies the geology of the business it enters. It's alright to be desirous of the ascent of google, facebook or such super tech firms and the dollars they produce from India, and look for an offer in it, yet absurd to call their activity computerized dacoity, and pronounce them national foes. More tightly yet creative controls can manage them yet feeding crude protectionist feelings, which a few people are occupied with, could cause India more damage than great. Motivation behind Business :Before we get into the Indian versus outsider level headed discussion, let me make an essential inquiry: What's the main role of business in a general public? A few answers could enter your thoughts. Be that as it may, just to keep the contention straightforward, we should adhere to the one given by Subside Drucker, a standout amongst the most powerful voices on business administration. He said it was to make and keep a client. So should the idea of possession or the national banner on its central station matter as long as the business is genuinely serving its clients? Should a business keep on existing in the event that it has deserted its center reason for serving its clients? Does expanded access to capital upgrade a business' odds of filling its existential need? Does capital starvation decimate its odds of making or keeping client? The responses to every one of these inquiries will lead us to reason that a business can accomplish its essential point not without satisfactory access to capital. Furthermore, the shade of cash doesn't exactly make a difference as long as the business is laser centered around serving its clients. Then again, if the business is flopping in its primary reason, it could do as such regardless of the wellspring of its subsidizing. For example, nowadays it's difficult to state which telecom specialist co-op is more awful in India: Airtel (controlled by Indian) or Vodafone (by outsider). By limiting capital access for the sake of patriotism, a nation can just wind up gagging its business, its development and the startup biological system. Indian versus Outsider :A few editorialists have been pushing for Indian proprietorship and control of online business organizations in the nation, notwithstanding looking for government insurance. They contend a startup headquartered in India and controlled by Indians can create more gifted work, and fortify the Indian advancement drove startup biological community. One journalist fears that outside financial specialists may not enable Indian originators to maintain the business for eternity. Originator's Privilege :To answer the last point first: Is it basic for an originator to remain on for the business to thrive; Shouldn't an author get off the prepare once the investors think his capacity to include esteem has decreased? Because somebody has established the firm, would it be a good idea for him to get the permit for life to run or destroy that business? Shouldn't something be said about the privileges of the individuals who put in their hazard capital later, or so far as that is concerned, moneylenders or even representatives? A general public's dedication must be to the sustenance of business and its capacity to produce an incentive for clients, not towards securing a lasting spot for organizers in their firm. Authors too understand that without outer capital help their business couldn't have been the place they are today. Startup Biological system :The point about India-headquartered new businesses producing more neighborhood work could be mostly right. A startup will attempt and draw workforce from its nearby condition at first yet when it scales up, the globe could be its enlisting ground. Will remote capital harm the Indian startup biological system as is being guaranteed by a few? A startup biological system flourishes with the way of life of advancement, and principally incorporates development empowering colleges, coaching associations, hatcheries, specialist co-ops and capital suppliers. Expanded stream of remote capital isn't only useful for the particular ventures that get it and the organizers who turn tycoon accordingly, yet in addition for the whole biological system. Scaling of a business grows open doors for its business accomplices, helps assemble new abilities and capacities and lifts wage for accomplices and workers. A portion of the individuals who have increased millions in the process wind up imparting some of it to different new businesses, giving them the genuinely necessary hazard capital. These huge valuation stories travel to colleges and startup center points and energize more hazard taking and development.
Capital Dumping :Some are freely utilizing the term 'capital dumping' by outside retailers or assets, affirming it was harming nearby new businesses. Considerably more confirmation and far watchful examination are required before such charges can be considered important. Second, how would you assemble another industry or reshape an old industry — by doing things precisely the way it has been done previously; by playing by the standards of the business fat cats and submitting to the section hindrances made by existing players; or by utilizing the power of development, tech and money to redraw the limits and change the amusement? Some have been extremely captivated by the possibility of Indian capital sparing Indian new companies yet neglect to clarify why neighborhood and outside capital can't exist together in the residential startup world that is ever eager for reserves. Contending that an Indian thought, driven by an Indian business person, financed by Indian business houses will alone be useful for Indian startup biological community is simply muddying the national open deliberation with no unmistakable goal.
 Manash Dey, Asst Prof. (ME )

Importance of Quiz in Education

Quiz is a unique method of developing creativity among students. It entails putting questions to a group regarding various issues or on a particular theme. Promptness in answering a question or finding out a solution is based on rational and sometimes original thinking. The person responsible for asking questions to the participants in a quiz should be mature and experienced person. He should be embodiment of knowledge.
Advantages of Quiz:
1.      Mental horizon: Quiz competition broadens the mental horizon of the students. The students learn more and more about the country and the world as a whole. They keep themselves abreast with current affairs of the country and of the world as a whole.
2.      Reading habits: Quiz competition develops reading habits among students. They read newspapers good magazines, other reading material and make use of library. They get training in self-learning.
3.      Clear thinking Quiz helps in developing clear thinking among the students.
4.      Self-confidence and boldness: It helps in developing boldness, self-confidence and self-reliance among the students. It makes them independent, vocal and self-directed with minimum of fears in them.
5.      Planning and organisation: It gives the students training in planning, organising and collecting data.
6.      Instinctive value: Various instincts like instinct of curiosity, instinct of self-assertion and instinct of gregariousness find healthy outlet of expression and are sublimated through quiz competition.
7.      Emotional value: Quiz plays a significant role in the training of emotions. It has a cathartic effect on the emotions of students as they purge out the pent up emotional energy.
Role of the Teacher in Organising Quiz:
1.      Proper planning: The quiz must be properly planned. The teacher should make judicious selection of Interesting and useful questions and notify the date, time and place of the quiz. The field or the area of the quiz must be announced well in advance. Definite objectives of the quiz should be fixed up and efforts should be made in the right direction for the achievement of these objectives. The active participants of the quiz should be specified.

2.      Preparations and guidance: The teacher should encourage maximum number of students to take part in the quiz. The true spirit of quiz should be developed among the students. They should come well prepared for the quiz. The quiz is a joint responsibility of all the students. The teacher should give proper guidance for the quiz. 

Mr. Sanjay Bhardwaj
Assistant Professor
Jagannath Institute of Education
48/4,Knowledge park-III,Greater Noida, Pin-201306
Ph. No:-09717466429     

Wednesday, 16 May 2018

Out of The Box Teaching-Learning in Today’s Educational scenario

“Creativity is seeing what everyone else has seen, and thinking what no one else has thought.” - Albert Einstein
The concept of Out The Box Learning was started due to the growing need for an adaptive approach in educating children. In today’s knowledge economy where intellectual property is valued more than physical resources, we need to prepare a different kind of employee. The kind who is a creative problem solver and develops their own novel ideas to drive the next generation of technological innovations. Higher level skills and abstract thinking is important to teach kids to think outside the box.
Many children fall through the gaps in a typical curriculum, due to their differences in behaviour, cognition or various other challenges they are facing. As a society we tend to focus on the negative, of what our children can’t do and are not achieving. What we should be looking at; is what they excel in and reinforcing their unique talents, while helping them grasp the concepts that are difficult for them.
Our aim is to develop each child to be able to function independently and socially with confidence. We want our children to have happy, constructive days at our Centre in an environment that is relaxed, positive and supportive. We endeavour to enhance the strengths and abilities of our children and improve on the challenges they experience on a daily basis. We hope to put some fun back into their days and to help them reach their full potential.
Since our children are unique therefore for “Out The Box” thinking and learning we have foster an environment where out of the box thinking is given time, is valued and rewarded.
 Strategies to help students develop creativity
  1. Ask open-ended questions
Asking open-ended questions help students to think outside the box. Many times during the school day, students are responding to closed questions. The thinking involved is quite minimal and there is only one possible correct answer.
2.      Establish discussion routines
Teachers that regularly have student-centred classroom discussions give students ample opportunities to think outside the box. .
3.      Model creativity accounts for out of box thinking
As  educators, we have the responsibility to model our own creativity to children. Taking part in open-ended discussions, creative construction with  roleplaying will be beneficial for creative thinking. 
  1. Use visible thinking routines
Students should be exposed to novel ways in which their classmates are thinking but are also challenged to document their own thinking in using easy-to-learn strategies. Visible thinking is scaffolded using various routines designed to encourage a culture of thinking in classrooms and school. 
  1. Praise out of the box thinking
Acknowledging students when they display creativity is a crucial part in developing a culture where creativity is valued and fostered.
  1. Specify end goals not the process
Rather than over-scaffolding tasks, let students work out how to reach the end goal by thinking
Since our children are unique therefore for “Out The Box” thinking and learning we have foster an environment where out of the box thinking is given time, is valued and rewarded.


Assistant Professor
JIE ,JEMTEC ,JIMS ,Greater Noida

Technology Will Change The Way We Live In The Future

What we know as a home today is nothing remotely like what homes looked like just 100 years ago. We have central air, natural gas heating, and many other modern amenities that our ancestors could never imagine. Therefore, there is no reason to believe that in another century, houses won't look foreign to us, as well.
As technology improves, so does the ability for more innovation in our homes. That is why the following list of three ways technology will drastically change our homes of the future has been created. They are as follows:
·         Energy Use Reduction
·         Additional Safety Measures
·         Assuage Health Concerns

Energy Use Reduction

Some of the biggest energy users within our homes are appliances. This includes hot water heaters, refrigerators and lighting fixtures. Thanks to in-home monitoring devices, it is probable that our homes of the future will be far more energy efficient than they are today. For example, think about a modern refrigerator. It is always on because it needs to keep your food cold so it won’t go bad. While this is necessary, it is a highly inefficient use of energy. With an energy monitoring system implemented in your home, it will be able to cut power to the fridge when it has been closed for a long period of time and is able to self insulate the cold temperatures within. Other systems can be set up to detect if lights have been left on in an unoccupied room and shut them off for you. A variety of methods like these can be implemented to reduce the cost of your energy bill and greatly lower our reliance on electricity that can have negative impacts on the environment based on the methods that it is generated. So, thanks to our homes, we will have more money in our pockets and a cleaner planet to live on.


Additional Safety Measures

Many people believe that the Internet of Things, commonly known as IoT, will become an ingrained part of our homes in the future. The IoT is the idea that many ordinary devices can be connected through internet access and be used for positive means. This would, of course, include your home of the future, thus allowing it to communicate with surrounding homes and buildings in the area. Over time, the homes will be able to share useful data that can prevent things like power outages from occurring by diverting limited amounts of power to only necessities. Also, as this type of data is better collected over time, much more accurate maps of things like flood plains can be developed. This can have far-reaching impacts, such as lower home insurance quotes for those out of a floodplain, as well as increased safety alerts. Because insurers will realize that your home has a far lower chance of being damaged by a flood than a home a mile down the road, they will be able to more accurately sell you an insurance policy. This can end up saving you thousands of dollars throughout your lifetime that can be better spent on things you enjoy. The IoT can also be utilized to send out alerts if an extreme weather event such as a flood were to occur. This way, you and your family are able to quickly evacuate to a safer location.


Assuage Health Concerns

We already live in a society where millions of medical patients are remotely monitored. As technology improves, we will be able to ensure that those with preexisting medical conditions are getting the proper care that they need. Their home will be able to connect to the health-monitoring devices and contact emergency services in case of an emergency. Not only will this be possible but it will also be able to show you that you are experiencing warning signs and that you should consider seeking medical attention as quickly as possible. Thousands of lives can be saved, and those who have elderly parents and relatives can rest easier at night knowing that someone is always looking out for them and available to respond at a moment’s notice. If even one life is saved, the addition of this technology into the home of the future will have been well worth it. Preventative measures can be taken that keep more people living in their own homes for longer periods of time.
The future is unknown and this can frighten some people. Alternatively, the future is highly exciting because of all the technological advances that are likely to be implemented into our daily lives that we can’t fathom at this time. One thing we know for sure is, the home of the future will look nothing like homes as we know them today.

Gurpreet Singh
Assistant Professor (ME)

Focus of Budget 2018-19

The key focus of the Budget 2018-19 is on strengthening the rural economy and reviving up growth in the rural sector. To that end a slew of measures have been announced in the Budget which among other include higher MSPs for kharif crops, upgradation of rural haats to give farmers better access to formal mandi, increase in institutional farm credit, new funds for Fisheries and Animal Husbandry sectors, more fund for re-structured National Bamboo Mission fund, allocation for deprived irrigation districts, extension of the facility of Kisan Credit Cards to fisheries and animal husbandry farmers to help them meet their working capital needs. All these measures would transform rural India in a big way.
For the benefit of lower and middle class the measures like increase in loans to Woman Self Help Groups, higher targets for Ujjwala, Saubhagya in providing free LPG connections, electricity and toilets have been announced. 
These measures, coupled with the mega health insurance programme for the poor and massive spending on rural infrastructure, will go a long way in strengthening the rural economy and boosting consumption in the hinterland. 
Among the most important initiatives in the budget is the health insurance scheme which is set to benefit 100 million households with coverage of Rs. 5 lakh per annum. This is by far, the world's largest health insurance plan for which government will bear the cost. Setting up 1.5 lakh Health Wellness Centers spread over all the major panchayats of the country will bring healthcare to the doorsteps of the rural people.
Several announcements have been made in the budget in respect of Senior Citizens. Senior citizens will now be entitled to have a minimum interest of 8% on amount up to Rs.15 lakh under the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan To jana. No tax will be levied on interest up to Rs. 50,000 on their Bank and Post Office deposits. Besides, relief from Income Tax has been provided on expenditure up to Rs. 1 lakh incurred on treatment of serious diseases.
In this budget, the government has reduced the tax rate for MSME by 5%.They will now have to pay only 25% tax in place of 30% which was the practice earlier. Credit seeking from the banks and NBFCs has been eased to ensure the required working capital for MSME industries. It will give a further impetus to the mission of 'Make in India'.
Special emphasis has been given to development of infrastructure related to Digital India. Allocation of Rs. 6 lakh crores has been made which is Rs. 1 lakh crore more than the previous year. These schemes will enhance employment opportunities in our country manifold.
Lauding the Budget, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said that the focus of the budget is on issues ranging from Agriculture to Infrastructure. It is expected to give a boost to the hopes and aspirations of 125 crore people of the country and accelerate the development process.
Finance Minister ended his budget speech by quoting from Vivekananda's Memoirs of European Travel:"You merge yourselves in the void and disappear, and let new India arise in your place. Let her arise - out of the peasant's cottage, grasping the plough; out of the huts of the fisherman. Let her spring from the grocer's shop, from beside the oven of the fritter seller. Let her emanate from the factory, from marts, and from markets. Let her emerge from groves and forests, from hills and mountains ".Truly, an apt quote to conclude the Budget which strives to empower the informal economy. 

Mrinal Abhinav
Assistant Professor
JIMS, Greater Noida