Teaching affects learning directly and indirectly both. If we disregard the self- efforts of learners, learning and its extent will depend on the level of teaching of the teacher. Generally, educators have determined three levels of teaching and a teacher select these levels according to the ability and mental level of the students. These level can be classifies in three parts i.e. MLT( Memory level of teaching), ULT (Understanding level of teaching), RLT (Reflective level of teaching).It must be keep in mind that one level of teaching is selected at a time. When level of teaching completes and the teacher receive feedback by the process of evaluation may process to next level. Determination of level depends upon factors like cognitive and academic level of students, nature of content and skill of teacher to use various skills and strategies.
MLT is a level concerned with the mere reproduction of learnt material by student through recognition and recall. The model of MLT introduced by Herbert. To improve memory level learning. A teacher must ensure that presented material should be meaningful and interesting, should be present systematically, appropriate feedback must be given, recall and rehearsal of learnt knowledge should be done at short intervals.Successful accomplishment of memory level of teaching is the assumption of ULT.
Understanding level of teaching the teacher develop the mental capacity of the students in such a manner that the students can now understand the concept and apply laws and principals in a confident manner. Their potentials developed by this level of teaching enable them to solve the problems themselves. Suggestions to improve ULT a teacher must ensure students should not be brought to the understanding level without passing the memory level of teaching.Students should be brought to different stages of teaching from exploration to recitation. Teacher should take initiative himself to solve the problem of an individual child. The teacher should have complete command over the subject. The teacher must focus to raise the aspiration level of student. The teacher must prepare comprehensive question to evaluate the understanding of the student.
RLT is a highest level of teachingwhich start after understanding level of teaching. This level of teaching tends todevelop independent thinking and ability to solve real life problems by taking critical judgement techniques. To improve level of RLT a teacher should motivate the child to reach at the solution of the problem. Teacher must provide appropriate resources and environment to express them freely. The hypothesis which is a tentative solution of the problem should be formulated by the student and tested by various means of analysis. Thus, a teacher is accountable for the overall development of the child and schools are the place of learning not teaching. A learning will become more meaningful if teaching is design systematically start from initial level to highest level to develop higher order of thinking among students.