Friday, 6 April 2018

Educational Administration: Philosophy and Curriculum Transaction

Philosophy is a set of belief and values which may direct the behavior and action of an individual which may vary person to person.
School philosophy is a set of beliefs which may influence the role and place of teacher, students and school administration. Curriculum is a center of whole teaching learning process. Construction and successful transaction of curriculum may also influence by the distinct philosophy of the school.Teacher centered philosophies tend to more authoritarian and conservative in comparison of learner centered philosophies of education. Permissive schools give opportunities to all learners to manage the learning practices and to make their own decisions.Likewise, the permissive schools promote teacher autonomy at every stage of learning. Teachers are welcomed to take participation into the process of curriculum construction and implementation.  
Behaviorist approach believe in controlling behavior and managing classrooms through a system of rewards and punishment. A humanistic school of philosophy consider a child a maker of their own destiny. Role of the teacher must be a good observer or facilitator. Unacceptable behavior of the student must be discussed as problem which need to be cure by effective counselling and communication skills. School administration plays vital role in execution and implementation of curriculum effectively. Educational administration is not only concerned with arrangements, time table, infrastructure, it is more concern with attitude towards work and students. Thus school administration means the practical measures to provide maximum assistance in carrying out the aim of education in the light of student needs and interest.
The role of educational administration is very prominent in successful transaction of curriculum in the form of decision regarding planning, implementation policies and practices. Educational administration is more concern in the process of curriculum construction. It also evaluates and improve educational programs and activities to make teaching leaning more meaningful and relevant. Curriculum planning is an initial stage of curriculum development. Here the decision taken regarding instructional objectives, amount of content, teaching method or methodologies and evaluation techniques. A curriculum transaction is completely depending on the learning experiences provide to the students by the educational administration in the form of facilities and resources. Thus, can be concluded that curriculum construction is a complex process but successful and effective transaction of curriculum also important to attain predetermine set of objectives and to maintain quality of education.

Dr. Raisa Khan
Assistant Professor, JIE, Greater Noida

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