Many pupils have a negative
attitude towards mathematics subject due their poor performance. Generally
people have fear for the mathematics periods, as a result, many people feel
unhappy, if they have a mathematics class. For study, they do not make any
effort to concentrate. The teacher needs to be careful for encouraging them
through praise, gifts and motivation.

We know that, there
is a need to develop a love to learn mathematics by all students. This is the
love for mathematics that gives to the children, a positive attitude rather
than a negative attitude towards mathematics. To do this, mathematics should be
taught pure practically and in a pleasurable manner. Mathematical truths,
facts, principles and patterns are discovered by teaching mathematics. A discovery
method and laboratory approach is highly recommended to teach mathematics. It
is this type of learning of mathematics that leads to intrinsic motivation. To
develop a positive attitude towards mathematics this type of motivational help
is applied.

**Sex Differences in the learning of Mathematics**

The fact is that boys perform
generally better than girls especially in activities requiring spatial ability
and special care should be taken by mathematics teachers when dealing with
girls.

Research has
shown that males perform better than females in measurement of numeral and
spatial ability but this is not significant at the five percent level of
significance. Females perform better than males in test of language and
fluency. The fact that females perform slightly less than males in mathematics
calls for more patience, tolerance and
use of better methods and
strategies when teaching
female (Aiyedun, 2000) students.

Teacher should
use good, effective methods, materials and teaching strategies. Much more
patience should also be exercised by the teacher when dealing with girls. Also,
since the environment in which a child grows has effects on cognitive
development, the home as a variable has an important role to play. Parents and
guardians should provide challenging environment in the home so as to aid appropriate
cognitive development. It should include provision of stimulating educational
materials such as toys, books, magazines, mathematical games and puzzles. Parents should encourage their children to
read and play these games and puzzles. They should even play with their
children.

The knowledge of
secondary school mathematics teacher should be updated time to time through
attending the seminars, workshops and conferences etc. The results of current
research on mathematics should be made known to them. Teacher’s promotion
should be tied to attendance at such seminars, workshop and conferences. They
should be mounted by the Ministry of Education in conjunction with
Universities, Polytechnics and Colleges of Education at Local Government,
States and Federal Government levels.

**Learning that Encourage Development of Positive Attitude**

a)
During the early years,
in secondary classes, learning through discovery method was useful and
effective, so students were encouraged to learn through that. A normal child
has natural tendency, to explore and manipulate the things from his provided
environment for his use must be encouraged and sustained.

b)
Students’ Individual
differences should be controlled and recognized. In learning situations
different responses should be expected in view of children existing cognitive
organizations which have grown out of past experiences. From the same
experiences, they will learn different things, so opportunity should be given
for self expression just as it is done in previous classes.

c)
It should be noted out
that through the availability of teaching aids or instructional materials
previous classes, Enrichment of children’s experience in the various stages is
advocated. Many psychologists motivate parents, to provide instruction in an effort
to speed up intelligence. Piaget advocates that children should be allowed to
perform a maximum number of activities on their own. According to Piaget,
children could develop at their own pace with the teacher fostering cognitive
development rather than forcing it.

Early childhood education provides the foundation
for future learning. The close attention given to children in secondary schools
by their teachers is in line with this observation. The early years in which
children gain the experiences which form the basis of future learning, logical
thought are extremely crucial. **Sanjay Bhardwaj**

*Assistant Professor*

Jagannath Institute of Education

JIMS ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT TECHNICAL CAMPUS (JEMTEC)Jagannath Institute of Education

JIMS ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT TECHNICAL CAMPUS (JEMTEC)

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